Most baryte/barite is mined from layers of sedimentary rock which formed when baryte precipitated onto the bottom of the ocean floor. Some smaller mines utilize barite from veins, which formed when barium sulphate precipitated from hot subterranean waters.
Barite is a mineral composed of barium sulfate (BaSO4). It receives its name from the Greek word "barys" which means "heavy." This name is in response to barite's high specific gravity of 4.5, which is exceptional for a nonmetallic mineral.
The chemical formula for barite is BaSO4. It has a high specific gravity of 4.50 g/cm3. Its Mohs hardness is 3.0 to 3.5. Barite, which may be found in a variety of colors including yellow, brown, white, blue, gray, or even colorless, typically has a vitreous to pearly luster.
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